Japan Rail Pass, JR Pass Type Quick Reference:
Note:

Japan Rail Pass, JR Pass Quick Reference Guide is for your convenience.  Please note that Japan Rail Pass / JR Pass rules have changed for March 2016. Addition to the below, please see http://shikoku-railwaytrip.com for All Shikoku Rail Pass.

PASS TYPES: JR Pass JR East JR West Sanyo-San'in JR West Kansai JR Kyushu
What area is covered? All of Japan Tohoku Area Pass & Nagano Niigata Area Pass Western Honshu including Kansai, Sanyo & San'in Area and N. Kyushu Osaka Greater metropolitan area Island of Kyushu(Northern Kyushu Pass & Whole Kyshu Pass)
What cities are covered? All cities served by the JR Group network Tohoku:  Sendai, Aomori,Akita,etc      Nagano: Niigata, Nagano Osaka, Kobe,Kyoto Okayama,Matsue, Hiroshima, Hakata etc. Osaka, Kyoto, Nara, Kobe, Himeji etc. Depend on the pass. Hakata, Nagasaki, Kumamoto, Beppu, Kagoshima etc.
What trains are covered? Almost all JR trains (see exceptions below), Some buses For the detail , please see JR East website as followings; www.jreast.co.jp Sanyo Shinkansen between Shin-Osaka and Hakata (including Nozomi trains), Local trains on Sanyo & San'in Line, Haruka airport shuttle Local JR trains only, Shinkansen is not included, Haruka airport shuttle requires supplement For the detail, Plese see JR Kyushu website as followings www.jrkyushu,co,jp

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What classes? Ordinary and Green Ordinary only Ordinary only Ordinary only Ordinary only
How long are the passes? 7, 14 and 21 consecutive days Flexible 5 days 7 consecutive days 1 day, 2/3/4 consecutive days 3 & 5 days consecutive days
Is there a child or youth rate?
Ages 1-5  : No pass*
Ages 6-11: half price
Age 12~   : adult rate
Ages 1-5    No pass*
Ages 6-11  : half price
   
Ages 1-5  No pass*
Ages 6-11: half price
Age 12~   : adult rate
Ages 1-5  No pass*
Ages 6-11: half price
Age 12~   adult rate
Ages 1-5  : No pass*
Ages 6-11: half price
Age 12~   : adult rate
Who is eligible to use the pass? Foreign visitors with *temporary visitor" status, Japanese living abroad (under certain conditions) Foreign visitors with "temporary visitor" status, Japanese living abroad cannot use this pass Foreign visitors with "temporary visitor" status, Japanese living abroad cannot use this pass Foreign visitors with "temporary visitor" status, Japanese living abroad cannot use this pass Foreign visitors with "temporary visitor" status, Japanese living abroad (under certain conditions)
Are there any limitations on use? "Nozomi & Mizuho" Shinkansen is not covered, Supplement for sleepers or compartments Supplement for sleepers or compartments, No buses are included Supplement for sleepers or compartments, No buses are included No Shinkansen trains, Supplement for Limited Express trains, No buses included Supplement for sleepers or compartments, No buses are included
PASS TYPES: JR Pass JR East JR West Sanyo San'in JR West Kansai JR Kyushu
 

* When using a reserved seat, child under 5 without the pass cannot have own seat. 

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